Gum Grafting For Receding Gums
Gum grafting is a surgical procedure to cover the exposed roots of teeth by grafting tissue from another area of the mouth to the gum tissue around the teeth. Dr. Bal performs several types of gum grafting depending on the location and severity of the area that needs the grafts. Signs you may need a gum graft include:
- Exposed tooth roots (receding gums)
- Sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages
- Loose teeth
- Gum infection
- Frequent cavities along the gums
Dr. Bal uses soft tissue grafts from other areas of the mouth, such as the inside of the cheek or palate, as the graft material. This ensures the tissue will not be rejected and is less expensive, as no donor tissue is needed. When the gums recede from the tooth roots, your body loses a natural defense against trauma and bacterial infection.
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Types of Gum Grafts
Free Gingival Graft
A gingival graft thickens gum tissue where it is thin using a soft tissue graft taken from the palate and grafted to the delicate, thinned tissue around the tooth.
Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft
This type of graft is performed to cover the exposed teeth roots. Grafts from the outer area of the palate are relocated and attached to the receding gums to cover the roots.
Double Papilla Subepithelial Graft
This is very similar to a connective tissue graft. Tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth but held in place by pulling healthy soft tissue from either side of the affected tooth and stitching the edges together.
Dr. Bal partially detaches the gums above or below the affected teeth and pulls the soft tissue over the exposed tooth root. It is sutured into place and allowed to heal. Over time, the thinned soft tissue will thicken and look natural.
When are Gum Grafts Necessary?
The width and thickness of the soft tissues around teeth vary from person to person. Gums recede quickly in some people, even if they take good care of their teeth and gums. For others, gum disease or infection leads to receding gums. Any time the gums recede and expose the roots of the teeth, a gum graft is needed. When gums pull back from the roots, individuals may eventually lose their teeth due to structural loss and jawbone deterioration.
Benefits of Gum Grafting
- More attractive smile
- Better periodontal health
- Reduced risk of infection or cavities
- Eliminates tooth sensitivity
- Better long-term dental function
If your gums have receded, gum grafting may be the solution. [LAT_NAME] evaluates each patient, carefully observing and measuring the amount of gum recession to determine the type of grafting most appropriate. You can schedule an appointment to discuss gum grafting by calling our office.